Population: 91 650
Area: 455 km2
GDP (PPP): 2,40 billion dollar (estimate 2013)
GDP per capita (PPP): 25 900 dollar (estimate 2013)
Rate of growth: 3,3 percent (estimate 2013)
Head of state and head of government: James Alix Michel
The Seychelles’ independence in 1976 was followed by 20 years under socialist rule. In 1993, the country realized a new constitution which enabled free elections. Ever since then, the Parti Lepep (formerly the Progressive Front of the Seychelles People) has been in power.
Lepep and president James Michel, who has led the country since 2004, hold a very dominant position in the country’s political life. Freedom House describes Seychelles as a “partly free” country. That is to say the country has limited respect for political rights and civil liberties. The government controls most of the media it is common that journalists are taken to court, accused of slander.
Women have the same rights as men and are well represented in all levels of education. In political life, however, women are underrepresented. Only one fourth of all seats in parliament are occupied by women.
The Seychelles’ economy is largely dependent on tourism and on tuna fishing. The 9/11 attacks proved to be a hard blow to the tourism industry due to lower levels of international travel and the tsunami of December 2004 brought a lof of destruction.
The Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation cooperates with the Democrat Union of Africa (DUA), which is a member of the International Democrat Union (IDU). The main goal of the Jarl Hjalmarsson Foundation’s work in Africa is to strengthen its partners comprehensively. In this spirit, the Foundation seeks to promote the participation of women and youths in political life.
In 2011, conferences for youths and women were held on the Seychelles.