Population: 25,76 million
Area: 238 533 km2
GDP (PPP): 90,41 billion dollar (estimate 2013)
GDP per capita (PPP): 3 500 dollar (estimate 2013)
Rate of growth: 7,9 percent (estimate 2013)
Head of state and head of government: John Dramani Mahama
Ghana became as the first colony in Africa independent in 1957. During a long time the politics were dominated with coup d’états which led to the suspension of the constitution and the ban of all political activities in 1981. Today, Ghana is one of few democracies in Africa.
With the new constitution from 1992 Ghana got a multi-party system and general elections. The development has from there on forward gone towards a more democratic society and the elections have resulted in peaceful transfers of power.
The Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation cooperates regionally in Africa with Democrat Union of Africa, DUA, which is a regional member of IDU, International Democrat Union. The foundation’s cooperation party in Ghana is the New Patriotic Party (NPP).
NPP is the next biggest party in the parliament of Ghana after the National Democratic Congress (NDC), which is the party led by the country’s current president, John Dramani Mahama, since July 2012.
NPP’s John Agyekum Kufuor was the president between the years 2001-2009. Valuable economic reforms were put in place during Kufour’s term. Great progress was also made in human rights. In 2000, the year Kufuor was elected; Ghana signed most of UN’s conventions on human rights.
According to the Swedish ministry of foreign affairs, freedom of the press has improved. Though, some problems still remain with regard to the rule of law.
The overarching goal of the Jarl Hjalmarsson Foundation’s work in Africa is to strengthen its cooperative parties. In this spirit, the Foundation seeks to promote the participation of women and youths in political life.
In December 2012, the NDC and incumbent president Mahama, won the elections with a small margin over NPP’s candidate Nana Akufo-Addo. Before the election, the media were accused of being one sided and working for the government’s interests. There have also been discussions on whether the vote registration was done properly.
During 2012, the foundation arranged a study visit for young parliamentary candidates from the NPP to Stockholm as well as a conference for youth and female politicians from the party in Accra, the capital of Ghana.