Population: 15.868 million
Area: 283 561 km2
GDP (PPP): 181.8 billion dollar (2015 estimate)
GDP per capita (PPP): 11 300 $ (2015 estimate)
Rate of growth: 1.35 % (2015 estimate)
Head of state and head of government: Rafael Correa Delgado
Ecuador emerged as one of three states after the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. The other two were Colombia and Venezuela. Between the years of 1904 and 1942, Ecuador was forced to cede territory due to conflicts with its neighbors. Politically, the situation in Ecuador has been turbulent at times. Corruption is a major problem and the situation is aggravated by political instability and a weak legal system. The situation pertaining to human rights is problematic. Freedom of speech and press are generally respected.
Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period was marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador’s last four democratically elected presidents. In late 2008, voters approved a new constitution, Ecuador’s 20th since gaining independence.
Since January 2007, the socialist Rafael Correa Delgado is president and was re-elected for a third term in 2013 with 57.2 % of the votes. The parliamentary elections the same year, resulted in a clear majority for the left with Correa’s socialist Alianza PAIS as the largest party. The next presidential elections are being held in 2017.
During Rafael Correa’s tenure as president he took some radical alternative steps to change the course of Ecuador’s relations with the rest of the world. Amongst these were economic moves to correct Ecuador’s debt imbalance, distancing from the United States, a rift with its northern neighbor Colombia, and a strengthening of ties with ALBA (including Venezuela and Bolivia), as well as Iran.
The Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation cooperates with Partido Social Cristiano.
It is a stated goal of the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation to educate female and youth decision-makers. In 2012, a number of conferences on the theme “Empoderamiento de Mujeres” took place with participants from different Latin American countries. Concurrently with these conferences, youth conferences were arranged on the theme “Principles for a Free Society”.