Chile

Konferens i Latinamerika

Conference in Latin America

Population: 17.508 million
Area: 756 102 km2
GDP (PPP): 424.3 billion dollar (2015 estimate)
GDP per capita (PPP): 23 800 $ (2015 estimate)
Rate of growth: 0.82 % (2015 estimate)
Head of state and head of government: Michelle Bachelet Jeria

In 1973, the Marxist government of Chile was overthrown in a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet. Pinochet continued to rule Chile until 1990 when he was succeeded by a democratically elected president. Chile has been a prominent example of a successful Latin American economy. The business climate is one of liberalism and the conditions for investments are favorable. Chile has ratified the main conventions on human rights. The courts of law are independent of the political power and freedom of speech and freedom of press prevail.

In May 2008, the Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (Unasur) was founded. It is a union of the South American nations modelled on the EU. The union already has twelve member states, though its function is, as of yet, mostly symbolic. In Latin America, a number of centre-right parties cooperate together in the Unión de Partidos Latinoamericanos (UPLA), a regional member of the International Democrat Union (IDU).

In the last presidential election, Michelle Bachelet from the left party Nueva Mayoria won the second round runoff in December 2013 with 62.2 percent of the votes. The next presidential and parliamentary election will take place in November 2017.

The Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation cooperates with Renovación Nacional (RN) and Unión Democrata Independiente (UDI). Together they constitute Allianza por Chile.

It is a stated goal of the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation to educate female and youth decision-makers. In 2012, a number of conferences on the theme “Empoderamiento de Mujeres” took place with participants from different Latin American countries. Concurrently with these conferences, youth conferences were arranged on the theme “Principles for a Free Society”.

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