Kosovo

KosovoPopulation: 1,8 millions
Area:
 10 887 km2
GDP (PPP):
17,6 billion dollar (estimate 2015)
GDP per capita (PPP):
7 600 dollar (estimate 2013)
Rate of growth:
3,2 percent (estimate 2015)
Head of state:
Atifete Jahjaga
Head of government:
Isa Mustafa

Representatives from LDK and JHS at a meeting in Pristina, January 2012

Representatives from LDK and JHS at a meeting in Pristina, January 2012

Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. The reactions from the world community have been mixed, but a majority of the world’s countries have recognised Kosovo as an independent state, including the U.S. and a majority of Europe’s countries. Among those that have not yet recognised Kosovo’s statehood you find Russia and Serbia.

In 1999, Serbian paramilitary forces drove a big group of ethnic Albanians from their homes. This precipitated an international intervention conducted by NATO-forces and peacekeeping forces were placed in the country.

After the war, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 placed Kosovo under an interim government. Negotiations on Kosovo’s future status between Belrade and Pristina did not reach a solution. Since the Kosovo parliament declared the country independent on February 17, 2008, over 108 countries (August 2014) have recognised Kosovo, and the country has joined the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The International Court of Justice wrote in its statement in July 2010 that Kosovo’s declaration of independence did not violate any general principles of international law. Since April 2013 ongoing discussions with Serbia are facilitated by the EU, in order to normalize the relations between the two countries.

Parliamentary elections were held on June 8, 2014. The Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) lead by incumbent Prime Minister Hachim Thaci, and its election coalition AKR, declared victory. However, due to a stalemate between the PDK/AKR and a five party collation lead by the Democratic League of Kosovo, with the purpose to keep the PDK out of government, a new government had not been formed as late as in November 2014. When the five-party coalition collapsed in November the PDK could form a government together with the second largest party, the LDK. The new government was appointed on December 9, 2014 and new Prime Minister is Isa Mustafa from the LDK.

In Kosovo, the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation works with the centre-right Democratic League of Kosovo / Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës (LDK), which has its roots in the non-violent resistance to the Milosevic regime.