Projects in the Balkans
Albania was invaded by Mussolini during World War II. As the war ended, communist partisans under the leadership of Enver Hoxha rose to power. Hoxha subscribed to a doctrine of orthodox Stalinism.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina was formed in 1994 as a Bosnian-Croatian federation. In the wake of the Dayton Agreement, which was signed in November 1995, a peace process was initiated in the Balkans which eventually brought a three-year conflict among the ethnicities to an end.
Croatia is the most successful country on the Balkan in terms of development. It applied for EU-membership as early as in 2003 and entered as full member on July 1, 2013.
Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. The reactions from the world community have been mixed, but a majority of the world’s countries have recognised Kosovo as an independent state, including the U.S. and a majority of Europe’s countries. Among those that has not yet recognised Kosovo’s statehood you find Russia and Serbia.
Republic of Macedonia
During the reign of Tito in Yugoslavia, Macedonia was one of the six republics constituting the Yugoslav federation. Of these six, Macedonia was the poorest. The largest ethnic group is Macedonians, who are closely related to Serbs and Bulgarians.
As Yugoslavia dissolved, Serbia and Montenegro formed a confederation. In 1999, Serbian paramilitary forces drove a big group of ethnic Albanians from their homes. This percipitated an international intervention conducted by NATO-forces.