Center-Right Politician was granted Nobel PrizeSeptember 30th, 2010 Uncategorized
The Swedish academy has granted the Nobel Prize in Literature 2010 to Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian-Spanish writer (born March 28, 1936), politician, journalist and essayist. This is the first Nobel prize given to a Spanish speaking writer since 1990, when Octavio Paz won it.
The prize has been given on the basis of “his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual’s resistance, revolt and defeat”
Vargas Llosa has been a classic candidate to the Nobel from many years. But it seemed that his candidacy had lost force. First of all they argued that Gabriel García Marquez already covered all writers of his generation, the generation of the Latin American “boom”. Then they argued that his political tendency, liberal, and critical against the social democracy was not in the line of the Swedish Academy.
Vargas Llosa’s literary work has been recognized and he has been the recipient of many prizes such as the “Cervantes” and the “Principe de Asturias”. Among his work we find classics of the contemporary literature such as “La ciudad y los perros” (The Time of the Hero) “Conversación en la Catedral” (Conversation in the Cathedral), “Pantaleón y las visitadoras” (Captain Pantoja and the Special Service) and “La Casa Verde” (The Green House).
Vargas Llosa moved to Barcelona and under the editor Carlos Barral became, together with García Marquez, the most important author of the Latin American “boom”. He has been politically active through his career moving from the political left (he initially supported the Cuban revolutionary government of Fidel Castro) towards the center right. Vargas Llosa returned to Perú in order to run for the Presidential elections of 1990 with the center right Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) coalition advocating neoliberal reforms, losing the elections against most predictions to Alberto Fujimori. This experience is reflected in “El pez en el agua” (A fish in the water). He has subsequently supported moderate conservative candidates.
Despise the defeat he did not relinquish his role as observer of the society and the politics through his journalistic activity, and has continued to write novels with political views such as “La Fiesta del Chivo” (The Feast of the Goat). His doctrine is clear: the defense of the individual against the collectivity and the defense of economic liberalism.